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Moksha or mukti is one of the fundamental concepts of Hinduism. It refers to liberation or salvation of the soul and frees a person from the cycle of birth and death. A person can attain moksha only by overcoming desires and ignorance. Hindus believe that it is Lord Vishnu in the form of Jagannath or Krishna who is believed to grant moksha.
Let us now look at some techniques that we can adopt to gain moksha.
Ignorance is a major block in a person’s journey towards attaining moksha. An individual who wants to attaining salvation must focus on eliminating ignorance from his/her life. Meditation is one of the most commonly sought methods in this regard. A person can engage in meditation by focusing on a specific god or a general creative divine force. In fact, there are several types of meditation—choose one that you feel most comfortable with.
Let Go of Desire
A person must master the art of letting go of materialistic pleasures and desires. The key is to live a simple and selfless life. One can engage in selfless acts of social service or charity. It is important to make sure that such acts are done with the only purpose of being helpful to others. If one begins to look for fruits of a selfless act, it no longer remains selfless.
Focus on Self-Control
Self-control is another key parameter that guides a person towards achieving moksha. One must concentrate on achieving physical, emotional, and mental self-control. The most often adopted techniques in this regard are yogic practices and meditation.
A person must practice being unperturbed and calm even when surrounded by adverse or unfavourable situations. He/she must also refrain from indulging in violent acts and develop a control over speech.
Engage in tapas
Tapas refers to the art of developing self-discipline. If you wish to incorporate tapas in daily routine, you must consider leading a simple life and staying calm in all situations. It is also important to detach yourself from everything and everyone without losing your emotional sensibility.
A person can engage in tapas by reciting and listening to spiritual texts, meditation and adopting practices such as fasting or maintaining silence for a period, also known as maunam.
Opt for a Yoga Path
Practising yoga is another path towards salvation. Typical yoga practices not only entail physical exercises but also spiritual study, meditation, and service to another. The most widely followed yoga practices are jnana yoga, raja yoga, karma yoga, and bhakti yoga.
Jnana yoga emphasises on spiritual enlightenment, study of religious texts and meditation. Raja yoga pertains to the study and practise of ethics and morals, meditation and physical self-control.
Karma yoga revolves on performing selfless service and acts to others. Bhakti yoga focuses on religious rituals, prayers and glorifying god in different ways.
Seek assistance from a guru
A person can look out for a spiritual teacher or a guru to get on the right track. The right guru guides us on how to free ourselves from attachments, desires, and ego.
Recite moksha-oriented mantras
There are several mantras that one may recite to attain liberation from this world without rebirth. Some of them are very simple and easy to chant while a few of them can be a bit complicated. It is recommended that a person says the mantras of his/her choice as many times as possible in a day with true fervour to the lord.
The following are some mantras that an individual can chant when he/she wants to attain moksha.
Mantra 1: Om Shivaya Namaha
Mantra 2: Mahamrityunjaya mantra
Oṃ tryámbakaṃ yajāmahe sughandhíṃ puṣṭivardhánam
Urvārukam iva bandhánān mṛtyor mukṣīya māmṛtāt
Sarvdharman paritapjya, maamekam sharanam vraj
Ahantva paapebhyo mokshyishyami ma shuche
Mantra 4: Krishna moksha mantra
Teshamaham samudharta mrutyusansaarsaagarat
Bhvaami nachiratpartha mayayaaveshitachetasaam
Mayyeva man aadhtsva maye budhi niveshaya
Nivasishyasi mayyeva aata udhvam na sanshayah
Most ways of attaining moksha are related to one another. However, they have their own characteristics that make them unique as well. It is not necessary for an individual to adopt all of them. One can follow the method that appeals the most and is interesting to follow. However, steadfastness and consistency towards the chosen path is recommended. Avoid alternating from one path to another on and off as this can result in lack of focus.