According to Hindu mythology, each day of the week is dedicated to a specific god or goddess. Some days are dedicated to more than one deity as well. People believe that chanting the mantras dedicated to a deity nine times on the specific day dedicated to the deity yields maximum benefits.
The rituals performed as part of the worship to please the lord also vary from one deity to another. Moreover, devotees also associate a colour with each deity.
Let’s have a look at which day of the week and colour is dedicated to which god or goddess along with a mantra you can say on this day.
This day is dedicated to the Sun God or Lord Surya. He is believed to confer prosperity, life, and health on earth. He is also said to spread brightness in the world. Devotees associate the colour red with the deity.
Followers pray to the deity to dispel darkness from their lives and to be cured of illnesses, especially those related to skin. The god must be worshipped after a bath in clean surroundings. You can apply sandalwood mixed with kumkum on your forehead and observe a fast. Some devotees eat only once a day and avoid salt, oil and garlic.
Mantra: Om Suryaya Namaha
This day is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is widely believed that the god can be pleased easily with utmost devotion. He helps in mitigating sorrow and developing a calm state of mind. He is associated with the colour white.
Devotees pray to their favourite deity for a prosperous and happy family life. Unmarried women pray to the god to be blessed with a loving and caring husband. Followers fast in the morning and eat only after sunset after offering their prayers. Some people avoid eating rice on this day. They offer white flowers to the shivalinga and wear white clothes.
Mantra: Om Namah Shivaya
This day is dedicated to Goddess Durga, the female Shakthi. It is said that Durga is a symbol of positive energy. She is believed to represent the combined form of three goddesses—Kali, Lakshmi, and Saraswati. Followers associate the colours red and orange with the deity.
Followers pray to the goddess to be blessed with positive energy and cleanse their mind of negative thoughts. Devotees who fast avoid taking salt in their food at night.
Mantra: Om Dum Durgayei Namaha
This day is dedicated to Lord Ganesha. He is believed to be the remover of all obstacles and sorrows from a person’s life. He also represents intelligence in the human body. Devotees believe that Ganesha is fond of green colour.
Followers offer dubh, a type of grass along with bananas and modaks on a clean banana leaf when they pray to him. Modaks are considered to be his favourite food. They pray to the deity to be blessed with intelligence and for success in all their ventures.
Some Hindus also associate this day with Vitthal, a manifestation of Lord Vishnu.
Mantra: Om Gam Ganapataye Namaha
This day is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Devotees of Shirdi Baba also associate this day to the saint. Lord Vishnu is represented as the protector of the world. He is also considered to be the embodiment of compassion and mercy. His followers believe that he fulfils the desires of those who pray to him with utmost devotion. The Lord is associated with yellow colour.
Devotees offer yellow flowers or tulsi leaves to the god along with milk, ghee, and jaggery when they perform a pooja in his honour. They pray to him for happiness, fame, and success. Followers also read the Bhagavad Gita and Sai Satcharitra on this day. Some people eat only once and consume only milk products.
Mantras: Om Namo Narayanaya,
Om Sai Namo Namaha
This day is dedicated to three goddesses—Mahalakshmi, Durga, and Annapuraneshwari. These deities are supposed to bring happiness, peace and prosperity in a person’s life. The goddesses are associated with the colour white.
Devotees pray to the goddesses to be freed from all economic, mental and physical problems in their lives. They offer the goddesses white flowers, jaggery, ghee and chickpeas. Followers also distribute sweets and fast during the day. However, they eat at night after saying their prayers and abstain from onions, garlic and salt.
Some followers also propitiate Shukra on this day to be bestowed with material wealth and joy.
Mantras: Om Mahalaksmai Namo Namaha, Om Shri Durgaye Namaha, Om Annapurnayai Namaha
This day is dedicated to both Lord Shani and Lord Hanuman. In some parts of the country, Tuesday is dedicated to Hanuman. Shani represents the planet Saturn and is said to be very powerful. Hanuman is believed to be an incarnation of Lord Shiva and is said to keep off evil spirits and negative attitude while helping to overcome fear at the same time. Devotees associate black colour with Shani and red or orange with Hanuman.
Followers of Lord Shani pray to him to be relieved of hardships in life and keep themselves away from evil. They offer him mustard oil and sesame seeds in a copper vessel and donate alms to the needy.
Devotees of Lord Hanuman offer him jasmine and ladoos made of jaggery. They pray to him to be conferred with qualities like courage and determination. They also seek his blessings to keep off from bad company and negativity.
Mantras: Om Pram Preem Praom Saha Shanayshchraey Namaha, Om Hanumante Namaha
Hindus believe that praying to the deities on their specific days yield maximum benefits. However, this does not mean that you cannot pray to your beloved god on any other day. It is perfectly alright to pay your obeisance on any day with utmost devotion and chant any mantra in his/her honour. You can also chant the chalisa associated with the deity.