The Bhagavad Gita is an essential part of the great Mahabharata epic. It is a 700-verse scripture presented in the form of a conversation between Arjuna, the third Pandava prince and Lord Krishna. The dialogue happened when Arjuna was apprehensive of fighting his kith and kin just before the Kurukshetra war. Through the discourse, Krishna reminded Arjuna how he was obliged to perform his duties. The Gita also stresses on the importance of developing a sense of detachment.
“The Song of God”, The Gita is primarily centred around three themes comprising love, action, and knowledge.
Read on for an insight of some of the most important verses from the Bhagavad Gita and their meanings.
- Chapter 2 – Verse 47
karmaṇy-evādhikāras te mā phaleṣhu kadāchana
mā karma-phala-hetur bhūr mā te saṅgo ’stvakarmaṇi
The essence of this verse is that actions are more important than the end results. It also stresses on how an individual should do his/her karma.
A person must always focus on doing what is expected of him/her instead of worrying about what the outcome will be. A person is not the cause for the result of the actions. The results may or may not be favourable but this should not stop the person from fulfilling their duties. Karma on its own is not evil. But, if we do an action thinking of the good results it would lead it, it has the power to turn negative. The Gita urges a person to perform his/her karma without thinking about the results.
- Chapter 16 – Verse 21
tri-vidhaṁ narakasyedaṁ dvāraṁ nāśhanam ātmanaḥ
kāmaḥ krodhas tathā lobhas tasmād etat trayaṁ tyajet
There are three key factors that pave way to doom—lust, anger, and greed. A person with these traits treads on the path to self-destruction.
Lust or undesirable craving in an individual leads to greed. As a result, the focus shifts on achieving more and more without being content with what one already has. When one is not able to achieve what the heart desires, lust turns into anger. This anger makes a person lose self-control and affects mental peace.
- Chapter 2 – Verse 14
mātrā-sparśhās tu kaunteya śhītoṣhṇa-sukha-duḥkha-dāḥ
āgamāpāyino ’nityās tans-titikṣhasva bhārata
The gist of this verse is that a person must develop a sense of tolerance towards what happens around him/her. This is because nothing in this world is permanent; things keep changing.
Like the different seasons, pleasure and pain in a person’s life are also temporary. They will keep coming and going at all stages of his/her life. Therefore, one should refrain from being affected by them. Developing tolerance towards them will inculcate a healthy mind.
- Chapter 9 – Verse 30
api chetsuduraachaaro bhajate maamananyabhaakh
saadhureva sa mantavyah samyagvyavasito hi sah
The core of this verse is the importance of devotion. A person must have utmost devotion towards the lord and worship him with steadfast faith.
A person who prays to the Divine with true fervour is always considered to be righteous. He/she may have committed several sins in the past but the moment he/she turns to the lord, the individual can no longer be termed a sinner. This is because when he/she surrenders to god, his/her mind becomes pure.
- Chapter 3 – Verse 9
yagyaarthaatkarmano anyatra loko ayam karmabandhanah
tadartham karma kaunteya muktasangah samaachara
This verse stresses on the fact that a person must perform any action without any sense of attachment to the same. A person who develops attachment towards his/her actions is bound by them.
An individual must indulge in any action without any personal attachment. All actions must be carried out as a yagna or an offering to the lord. They guide the person towards leading a spiritual life and leave no room for misery or being upset about the result.
The Bhagavad Gita acts as a guiding force to help its reader live a life of positivity. The Gita also helps a person to live life to the fullest and imbibe several positive traits like integrity, purity, kindness, strength, honesty, and discipline. It also helps a person to get over the fear of death.